Landscape design is the creative arrangement of space to achieve harmony, utility, and beauty between man and nature. This is the phase of facility development process where landscape elements are integrated with or into the facility to complete the project. It is the practice of creating a plan to make the best use of available outdoor space in the most attractive way.Landscape design is similar to landscape architecture. Landscape design pays more attention on the artistic.
The desire to interact with our surroundings likely began the moment man recognized he existed within an environment. It seems to be a natural instinct to want to create beauty and comfort outdoors. Records from Egypt 4,000 years ago describe gardens with shade trees, flower beds, etc. At first, all manipulation of the landscape by man was for purely practical purpose. According to English garden writer Anthony Huxley, early cultivating of crops, mostly grains seems to have began in the area of Palestine sometime around 8000 B.C.E. There are also records of cultivation around 6500 B.C.E. in central Anatolia & in India and South America by 2500 B.C.E.
Archaeological evidence exists to prove humans appreciated flowers as long as 150,000 years ago, but it wasn’t until the development of agriculture that plants began to grown for pleasure. The Romans were probably the first great gardeners, and their ideas were rediscovered and expanded upon by renaissance royalty. Until 1700 landscape design, with notable exceptions, was predominantly metaphysical; after that date intellectual man finally displaced intuitive man, and landscape – again with notable exceptions – became realistic and worldly.
Since the beginning of the nineteenth century, an eclectic application of the past style of landscape design Sydney had substituted one of contemporary machine age culture. The columned temples that began to appear from the eighteenth century onward throughout Greece were not the houses of worship. Instead they were worthy residence of large scale sculptural representations of god or goddesses associated with the sacred sites where they were built.
Where a lot of early landscapers argued that real landscaping alters fields or plants directly, such as in the activities of farming of food crops, Thales did not approve of this definition of shaping the landscape or landscaping, saying that any aspect of the physical world affecting a person’s visual perception of an area of land was a proper application of landscaping. Then in the 1800s many philosophers debated whether or not visual beauty could even be considered a required goal of landscaping or managing landscape Singapore, though by the years 2000 most western philosophical thinkers had grown to refuse the idea of an objective aesthetic standard for any type of art, whether landscaping or architecture.
Landscaping is a highly aesthetic landscape art form that requires a quantity of practical knowledge having to do with plant knowledge, practical applications and working with various tools. Landscape design is almost synonymous with garden design. It takes into account soils, drainage, climate and other issues, because the survival of selected plants depends on those. It could be stated that the earliest landscaper was the Greek philosopher Thales of Miletus, who spent a great deal of time pondering the environment and different scopes of landscaping.